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Thursday, 19 July 2018

G Geography

Geography

Cote d'Ivoire is located in the northern hemisphere between the Tropic of Cancer and Ecuador and overlooks the Atlantic Ocean in the Gulf of Guinea. More specifically, its coordinates are between 10° and 4° north latitude and 10° and 0° west longitude.

Cote d'Ivoire has 3,110 kilometers of common borders with 5 countries:

- Liberia in the West, 716 km;

- Guinea a little further north, 610 km;

- Mali, 532 km and Burkina Faso, 584 km;

- Ghana in the East, 668 km

 

Administrative capital: Yamoussoukro

Economical Capital: Abidjan

With an area of ​​322,462 km², 318,002 square kilometers of land and 4,460 square kilometers of seas, Cote d'Ivoire is a medium-sized country.

 

Cote d'Ivoire has 515 km of coastline.

Area: 322,462 km² square miles.

Capital: Yamoussoukro

Main city: Abidjan

Population: 23 million in.

Official language: French

All times are GMT (GMT + 0)

Currency: West African CFA Franc (XOF)

 

RIVERS

There are four major rivers in Cote d'Ivoire:

-  Bandama;

-  Cavally

-  Comoe

- Sassandra

 

THE LAGOON SYSTEM

The lagoons constitute one of the most important wealth of Cote d'Ivoire.

This country has the largest lagoon network in Africa. They extend on 60% of the littoral and occupies approximatively  1200 km² on nearly 350 km.

They are  from east to west: Ehi, Tendo, Aby, Kodouobe, Ouladine, Potou, Adjin, Ono, Aghien, Ebrie, Makey, Tiagba, Brigna, Niouzoumou.

 

CLIMATE

The climate is equatorial type in the south, with a rainy season from May to November, and the rest of the time occasional rainfall and temperatures around 30°C, in a very humid atmosphere. In the north, the rainy season is less marked and stops in September, followed by a drier season with clear skies and cool nights from November to March. It is the most favorable season  to discover the country. However avoid the period from the end of January to the beginning of February, when the harmattan blows, wind of the Sahara loaded with sand and covering all of a yellow dust which infiltrates all over.

 

FAUNA AND FLORA

Fauna/ Wildlife

It has a particular richness, with many animal species (vertebrates, invertebrates, aquatic animals and parasites). Among mammals, the most emblematic animal remains the Elephant  whose tusks made of ivory, were once an important source of income. Species once abundant in both forest and  savanna, the elephant was intensely hunted and poached. So it only remains in the reserves and parks and in some places of the forests where it is rubbed by the hippopotamus, more linked to the savanna zones, the giant hoop or wild boar, the antelope and other duikers, Buffalo, monkeys, rodents, pangolins and carnivores, among which the lion, the panther and the mongoose. Several hundred species birds which have been identified, embellish the landscapes. There are also a very large number of smaller species among invertebrates such as molluscs, insects, aquatic species, etc. Some animals like chimpanzee species, famous in the wettest zone of the South, become more rare. Many other species are endangered.

 

The flora

The vegetation cover has changed considerably over the years. The basic landscape, consisting of dense forests, generally subdivided into hygrophilous and mesophilic forests, originally occupied one third of the territory in the south and west. It is complemented by clear forests or wooded or savannas, which extend from the Center to the North, but with many dry dense forest points. Small mangroves also exist on the coast.

Cote d'Ivoire is famous for its huge plantations which have greatly contributed to give the country  its place of "engine" of West Africa. Thus, you can find coffee plantations, cocoa trees, oil palm trees, coconut palms, rubber trees and banana trees. Across the country, there are the usual but nevertheless magnificent tropical flower trees such as frangipani, hibiscus, bougainvillea or acacias.

 

 

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